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In order to maximise our efficiency to supply our customers, InPACT has set up standard specifications comprising the most demanded orientations, thicknesses, diameters and polishing requirements.

(1) Laser marking
(2) Bow = difference between the optimal focal plane and the center-point of the wafer.
TTV (Total Thickness Variation) = difference between highest and lowest elevation of the top
surface of the wafer, includes taper.
LTIR (Local Total Indicated Reading) = for each site, difference between the highest point above
and the lowest point below the optimized focal plane within each stepper site.
InPACT keeps in inventory a three-month supply of as-sliced wafers in most categories of the standard product lines but ...
- off orientation wafers (2 off, (311), (111)A or B.),
- Rectangular wafers (25 x 30mm),
- Test grade wafers

Most of our production is made up of premium grade wafers. However, in every boule, some test grade wafers are available. Test wafers have the same electrical performance and geometrical specification than premium wafers but with a small local damage :
- a surface defect like a scratch or a pit or a stain on the front side,
- a crystalline imperfection like high EPD or a twin lamellae. The latter is made up of 2 parallel lines in the <110> direction. Between these 2 lines, the orientation is not (100) contrary to the whole wafer ; the distance between the 2 lines is very small (< 1mm).
Over 95 % of the whole surface is premium quality which makes them useful for calibration runs. The type of defect is indicated on a label for each wafer.